We are getting fatter and no, the rules haven’t Zotrim Review changed – although they have in the United States, where the standard for normal weight has been revised downwards. And while the US has the highest prevalence of obesity, with 55 per cent of the population being overweight or obese, the trend in the United Kingdom is worryingly similar. Over the past 20 years, the number of people who are overweight in this country has ballooned.
In 1980, 6 per cent of men and 7 per cent of women aged 16 to 64 were classified as obese. Over the next 10 years, these figures doubled – and are still rising. In 1999, a Nutrition Foundation study found that more than 40 per cent of the population was obese or overweight. BMI is a pretty good way to tell whether a person is overweight, but it’s an approximate measure that doesn’t take into account how muscular you are. Because muscle tissue weighs more than fat, trim and muscular people might weigh enough to put them into the overweight or even obese category.
Conversely, people with very small frames and light bones might fall into the normal range even if they have too much stored fat around their waist and hips. When it comes to health, it turns out that where you carry extra weight matters almost as much as how much you are carrying. This is where the waist-to-hip ratio WHR = waist – hip measurement comes in. A simple way of looking at WHR is to think of body types as apples or pears. Apple types are wide around the waist and abdomen; pears are heavy in the hips, thighs, and buttocks. There’s good news and bad news about each type.
For apples, the good news is that they tend to have an easier time losing their spare tire once they begin eating sensibly and exercising regularly The bad news is that they are at greater risk for cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and some cancers. For pears, the good news is that they are less likely to suffer from heart problems. The bad news is that they are less successful shedding their extra padding.