What are the current Guidelines
The latest guidelines published in the Hypertension journal in Protocole Contre Hypertension La Revue December 2003 state normal pressure is a reading below 120/80. Pressure that is consistently 140/90 or higher is hypertension. Any reading between these levels places you in the pre-hypertensive category, increasing your risk of stroke, heart attack, heart failure and kidney failure.It’s called the “silent killer” because a person can have hypertension for years without even knowing or experiencing any high blood pressure symptoms. It causes your heart, arteries and blood vessels to work harder and is a major risk factor that adversely affects your major organs.
What is blood pressure
It is determined by the combination of two readings, the systolic pressure (the pressure present in the artery during heart contractions) and diastolic pressure (the pressure present in the artery when the heart relaxes). It is measured in millimeters of mercury and designated as “mmHg.” It is presented by the systolic reading over the diastolic reading, such as 115/70 mmHg.Both the systolic and diastolic pressures are influenced by the tone in the artery. Arteries with normal tone are flexible and help maintain lower blood pressure. Rigid, inflexible arteries without tone (atherosclerosis) lead to higher levels.